What is the solution of the economic problem?
The essence of the Bahá'í
spirit is that, in order to establish a better social order and economic
condition, there must be allegiance to the laws and principles of government.
Under the laws which are to govern the world, the socialists may justly demand
human rights but without resort to force and violence. The governments will
enact these laws, establishing just legislation and economics in order that all
humanity may enjoy a full measure of welfare and privilege; but this will
always be according to legal protection and procedure. Without legislative
administration, rights and demands fail, and the welfare of the commonwealth
cannot be realized…
The fundamentals of the whole
economic condition are divine in nature and are associated with the world of
the heart and spirit. This is fully explained in the Bahá'í teaching, and
without knowledge of its principles no improvement in the economic state can be
(The Promulgation of Universal Peace, p. 233-4)
The arrangements of the
circumstances of the people must be such that poverty shall disappear, that
everyone, as far as possible, according to his rank and position, shall share
in comfort and well-being….It cannot be done by bringing to pass absolute equality
between men….The law of order must always obtain in the world of humanity.
Heaven has so decreed in the creation of Man….
It is important to limit
riches, as it is also of importance to limit poverty….A financier with colossal
wealth should not exist whilst near him is a poor man in dire necessity. When
we see poverty allowed to reach a condition of starvation it is a sure sign
that somewhere we shall find tyranny….The rich must give of their abundance,
they must soften their hearts and cultivate a compassionate intelligence….
There must be special laws
made, dealing with these extremes of riches and of want. The members of the
Government should consider the laws of God when they are framing plans for the
ruling of the people. The general rights of mankind must be guarded and
(The Wisdom of Abdu'l-Bahá, p. 140-3)